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Why was artillery not effective in ww1?

Why was artillery not effective in ww1?

The First World War saw several developments in artillery warfare. Artillery could now fire the new high explosive shells, and throw them farther and at a higher rate of fire. Because of this, enemies in trenches were no longer always safe, and could constantly be fired upon.

How did trenches protect from artillery?

On the Western Front in 1914–1918, both sides constructed elaborate trench, underground, and dugout systems opposing each other along a front, protected from assault by barbed wire. The area between opposing trench lines (known as “no man’s land”) was fully exposed to artillery fire from both sides.

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How far could artillery shoot in ww1?

It could fire shells up to 80 miles.

What was the purpose of artillery in ww1?

Artillery consisted of the military’s heavy firearms. As a branch of the armed forces, its purpose was to fire explosive-filled projectiles across relatively large distances. In contrast to the infantry and the cavalry, the artillery could not enter into combat on its own.

Why did the artillery barrage fail?

In most places the artillery bombardment had failed to cut the German barbed wire or damage the defenders’ dugouts. Some senior commanders, not convinced that the inexperienced soldiers of Kitchener’s New Armies could cope with sophisticated tactics, ordered the infantry to advance in long, close-formed lines.

Why did artillery became such a major part of trench warfare?

Artillery (heavy guns) played a big part in the battlefields of World War I. A bombardment that was aimed well could destroy enemy trenches, and knock out artillery batteries (groups of guns) and communication lines. It could also help break up an attack by infantry (soldiers on foot).

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How were artillery guns used in ww1?

Why didn’t artillery render trench warfare useless in WW1?

There are two main reasons that I can think of as to why artillery didn’t render trench warfare useless. Early in the war an issue that the British in particular faced was the reliability of shell fuses.

What was the purpose of trenches in WW1?

Trenches were also a great way to protect from the opposing forces small arms fire and made substantial protection form heavy artillery provided it did not land directly inside the trenches; however later in the First World War trenches were designed in a criss-cross shape to contain explosions/shrapnel.

What was the role of artillery in WW1?

Later in the war, artillery would play a far more tactical role, shifting from a role purely bent on the destruction of enemy trenches and fortifications to a role of neutralisation. By 1917 the creeping barrage had largely been perfected and had become a regular tactic during attacks against trench lines.

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Why were the walls of the trenches lined with sandbags?

The rear wall of the trench, known as the parados, was lined with sandbags as well, protecting against a rear assault. Because constant shelling and frequent rainfall could cause the trench walls to collapse, the walls were reinforced with sandbags, logs, and branches.