# What is the difference between ideal and actual cycles?

## What is the difference between ideal and actual cycles?

The difference is that ideal is a plan where we want to approach or it is a direction towards which we have to move and actual is the observed when our engine is in working condition. the efficiency shown by ideal is 100\% but the actual is less than it.

## What is a ideal cycle?

Ideal cycles are simplified thermodynamic closed cycles to analyze the compression, combustion, and expansion process in an engine with a focus on extraction of work from combustion of the fuel–air mixture.

What is an actual cycle?

What is the Actual cycle? The Actual cycle in the Thermodynamics is a cycle of operations experienced by the actual Internal combustion engine where the efficiency of this actual Internal combustion engine is much lower than the Ideal cycle or Air-Standard cycle due to various losses in the processes.

What is the difference between air standard cycle and actual cycle?

The main difference between air-standard cycles (theoretical cycles) and fuel-air cycles is in the process of heat addition to the cycle. During the compression process in actual engines, heat exchange between the cylinder gases and the surroundings is continuously changing with time, both in magnitude and direction.

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### Why does the actual CI cycle deviate from ideal cycle?

The actual cycle deviates from the ideal cycle for the various important reasons. Description: 1) Turbine Losses: During the expansion of steam in the turbine there will be heat transfer to the surroundings and the expansion instead of being isentropic will be polytropic as shown in the figure.

### What is ideal cycle in gas turbine?

The ideal cycle for the simple gas turbine is the Joule or Brayton cycle which is represented by the cycle 1234 in the p-v and T-S diagram (Figure 4.3). The gases at the exit of the turbine are lost into the atmosphere; therefore it is an open cycle.

What is actual cycle efficiency?

The actual cycle experienced by internal combustion engines is an open cycle with changing composition, actual cycle efficiency is much lower than the air standard efficiency due to various losses occurring in the actual engine. Whereas, in actual cycle, burning is completed in a definite interval of time.

What are the losses done in actual cycle?

Time loss occurs due to time required for mixing of air and fuel and time required for complete combustion of the mixture. Time loss depends upon type of fuel used, air-fuel ratio and flame velocity in the combustion chamber. Heat loss occurs due to transfer of heat through water jackets and cooling fins.

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#### Why actual cycle efficiency is less than air standard cycle efficiency?

The actual cycle (see Fig. (3) experienced by internal combustion engines is an open cycle with changing composition, actual cycle efficiency is much lower than the air standard efficiency due to various losses occurring in the actual engine. Air cycle with variable specific heat and dissociation.

#### What is an air standard cycle?

The air-standard cycle is an idealized cycle founded on the following approximations: (1) The working fluid throughout the cycle is only air; (2) the air acts as an ideal gas; (3) combustion processes are replaced by well-defined heat addition processes; and (4) the exhaust process is replaced by a heat rejection …

What is the difference between the ideal cycle and actual cycle of a reciprocating engine?

The largest difference between the two diagrams is the simplification of the intake and exhaust strokes in the ideal cycle. In the exhaust stroke, heat Qout is ejected into the environment. In a real engine, the gas leaves the engine and is replaced by a new mixture of air and fuel.

What are the differences between ideal and actual Brayton cycles?

The actual gas-turbine cycle is different from the ideal Brayton cycle since there are irreversibilities. Hence, in an actual gas-turbine cycle, the compressor consumes more work and the turbine produces less work than that of the ideal Brayton cycle. Therefore, the net work output of a jet-propulsion cycle is zero.

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## What is the actual cycle?

What is the Actual cycle? The Actual cycle in the Thermodynamics is a cycle of operations experienced by the actual Internal combustion engine where the efficiency of this actual Internal combustion engine is much lower than the Ideal cycle or Air-Standard cycle due to various losses in the processes.

## What is the difference between actual and ideal diesel cycle?

In this article it is shown an ideal Diesel cycle in which there are a lot of assumptions differs from actual Diesel cycle. The main differences between the actual and ideal Diesel engine appear in the figure. In reality, the ideal cycle does not occur and there are many losses associated with each process.

What is the difference between the Otto cycle and ideal cycle?

For an actual cycle, the shape of the pV diagram is similar to the ideal, but the area (work) enclosed by the pV diagram is always less than the ideal value. The ideal Otto cycle is based on the following assumptions: Closed cycle.

What is the difference between an ideal cycle and a closed cycle?

Closed cycle: The largest difference between the two diagrams is the simplification of the intake and exhaust strokes in the ideal cycle. In the exhaust stroke, heat Q out is ejected to the environment (in a real engine, the gas leaves the engine and is replaced by a new mixture of air and fuel).