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What is the difference in temperature between the Earth and the Sun?

What is the difference in temperature between the Earth and the Sun?

The difference of surface temperatures is 6000oC(Sun)−14oC(Earth) .

What is the difference in temperature between the core of the planet and its surface is known as?

The geothermal gradient, which is the difference in temperature between the core of the planet and its surface, drives the continuous conduction of thermal energy in the form of heat from the core to the surface (Figure 12.1).

What is the temperature core of Earth?

The inner core is a hot, dense ball of (mostly) iron. It has a radius of about 1,220 kilometers (758 miles). Temperature in the inner core is about 5,200° Celsius (9,392° Fahrenheit). The pressure is nearly 3.6 million atmosphere (atm).

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What differs outer from inner core?

The inner core and the outer core are made up of similar stuff chemically (both are made mostly of iron, with a little nickel and some other chemical elements)–the difference between them is that the outer core is liquid and the inner core is solid.

Is the Earth core hotter than the Sun?

The Earth’s core is hotter than the outer layer of the Sun. The Sun’s huge boiling convection cells, in the outer visible layer, called the photosphere, have a temperature of 5,500°C. The Earth’s core temperature is about 6100ºC. The inner core, under huge pressure, is solid and may be a single immense iron crystal.

How hot is the earth’s core?

All this indicates its temperature is about 6,000°C, similar to the temperature of the Sun’s surface. And Earth’s core is only 3,000km from its surface – if the Sun were as close as that, it would melt us entirely. So why doesn’t Earth’s core fry us all?

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What is the temperature of the Sun?

For context, the surface of the sun is estimated to be around 5800 degrees Celsius (never fear; the sun’s core is around 15 million degrees Celsius). There are two parts to the Earth’s core: the molten outer core, comprising an iron-nickel alloy, and the solid inner core made of the same materials.

What is the average temperature of each planet in the universe?

Average Temperature on Each Planet. Mercury – 800°F (430°C) during the day, -290°F (-180°C) at night. Venus – 880°F (471°C) Earth – 61°F (16°C) Mars – minus 20°F (-28°C) Jupiter – minus 162°F (-108°C) Saturn – minus 218°F (-138°C) Uranus – minus 320°F (-195°C) Neptune – minus 331°F (-201°C) Pluto –

How does the surface temperature change with distance from the Sun?

In general, the surface temperatures decreases with increasing distance from the sun. Venus is an exception because its dense atmosphere acts as a greenhouse and heats the surface to above the melting point of lead, about 880 degrees Fahrenheit (471 degrees Celsius).