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When the sun becomes a red giant what will happen to Earth?

When the sun becomes a red giant what will happen to Earth?

In a few billion years, the sun will become a red giant so large that it will engulf our planet. But the Earth will become uninhabitable much sooner than that. After about a billion years the sun will become hot enough to boil our oceans. The sun is currently classified as a “main sequence” star.

What would happen if the sun turned into a red dwarf?

Red dwarfs stars are smaller and cooler than our relatively average star, the Sun. We think that many red dwarf star systems may have habitable, Earth-like planets that orbit them but replacing our Sun with a red dwarf would be rather disruptive to our Solar System and home planet.

When the sun becomes a red giant it has left the main sequence?

The Sun as a red giant The Sun will exit the main sequence in approximately 5 billion years and start to turn into a red giant. As a red giant, the Sun will grow so large that it will engulf Mercury, Venus, and possibly Earth, maybe even Mars and part or all of the asteroid belt.

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Will the sun become a red giant twice?

The Sun becomes a red giant again, this time with a peak luminosity above 3,000 Lo. Its outer layers blow further and further outward, beyond the orbit of Jupiter, even as its electron-degenerate core swiftly grows more massive and therefore smaller and more dense.

What will happen to the Earth when the sun becomes a red giant?

Ultimately, the Earth will be consumed just before the sun reaches the tip of the red giant phase). Meaning that, after Earth is gone, the sun will continue to grow. When the Sun becomes a fully-fledged, full grown red giant (in some 7.59 billion years), it will reach its largest radius at 256 times its current size.

What will happen when the Earth is consumed by the Sun?

During this transformation, the sun will melt our glaciers and (eventually) boil our oceans. This expanding Sun will engulf the Earth, and any life that remains along with it. Ultimately, the Earth will be consumed just before the sun reaches the tip of the red giant phase). Meaning that, after Earth is gone, the sun will continue to grow.

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Could the Earth expand to an orbit 50\% more distant?

Even though the Earth could expand to an orbit 50\% more distant than where it is today (1.5 AUs), it won’t get the chance. The expanding Sun will engulf the Earth just before it reaches the tip of the red giant phase, and the Sun would still have another 0.25 AU and 500,000 years to grow.

What happens to Earth when the sun becomes too bright?

Any surviving earthlings will have long since fled the brightening Sun — or, as some scientists recently suggested, moved the planet itself to a more sanguine orbit. The atmospheres of gas giant planets like Jupiter and Saturn will gradually erode under the increased radiation from the Sun.