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Why is selection of solvent important in solvent extraction?

Why is selection of solvent important in solvent extraction?

Low solvent losses and a high solute distribution coefficient are primary goals for solvent selection. High relative volatility of the solvent also is an important property if the solute is to be recovered from the extract by distillation.

How do you choose a solvent to be used in Soxhlet extraction?

Actually the solvent selection is on the basis of polarity and the nature of phytochemical constituents present in the drug. If you have an entirely new material of which you don’t know anything about the constituents, then you should proceed with solvents in the order of increasing polarity.

Which is an important characteristics of solvent used for extraction?

The extracting solvent must be immiscible with the solution to be extracted. WATER or a water-based solution is usually one of the pair. The other solvent is an ORGANIC SOLVENT . What organic solvents are immiscible with water?

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Why Soxhlet extraction is important?

Typically, Soxhlet extraction is used when the desired compound has a limited solubility in a solvent, and the impurity is insoluble in that solvent. It allows for unmonitored and unmanaged operation while efficiently recycling a small amount of solvent to dissolve a larger amount of material.

Why is the choice of solvent important?

The most important factor in the success of crystallization is probably the chosen solvent. The two solvents must be miscible in one another so that their solubility with one another does not limit the proportions used.

What are the importance of solvent?

Water is called the “universal solvent” because it is capable of dissolving more substances than any other liquid. This is important to every living thing on earth. It means that wherever water goes, either through the air, the ground, or through our bodies, it takes along valuable chemicals, minerals, and nutrients.

What are the choices of the solvent used in Soxhlet apparatus?

Soxhlet extraction is performed with different solvent mixtures such as hexane/dichloromethane, dichloromethane/light petroleum, cyclohexane/acetone or hexane/acetone, or even methanol, depending on the nature of the sample and the pesticides covered in the analytical method.

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What is the advantage of solvent extraction?

Compared with distillation, solvent extraction has advantages such as low energy consumption, large production capacity, fast action, easy continuous operation and ease of automation.

What happens during Soxhlet extraction?

The Soxhlet extraction process heats the solvent (ethanol) to boiling temperature (>78°C). The evaporated ethanol is contained within the apparatus by the condenser unit; however the apparatus should be placed under a fume hood in case of escape.

What is the function of Soxhlet extraction method?

The Soxhlet extraction process ensures intimate contact of the sample matrix with the extraction solvent. 1.2 This method is applicable to the isolation and concentration of water-insoluble and slightly water soluble organics in preparation for a variety of chromatographic procedures.

What is the best solvent to use for Soxhlet extraction?

Soxhlet extraction is a simple and effective method. It has been used for a wide range of samples like soils, sediments, and animal and plant tissues. A wide variety of solvents like dichloromethane (DCM), pure or mixed with acetone or hexane, and acetone–hexane mixtures can be used. The use of nonpolar solvents only is not recommended.

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What is the difference between solubility filtration and soloxhlet extraction?

Soxhlet extraction is only required where the desired compound has a limited solubility in a solvent, and the impurity is insoluble in that solvent. If the desired compound has a high solubility in a solvent then a simple filtration can be used to separate the compound from the insoluble substance.

What are the disadvantages of Soxhlet extraction?

The most significant drawbacks of Soxhlet extraction are: long extraction times (e.g. up to 24–48 h), large amount of solvent usage (300–500 mL per sample), and the need for evaporation after sample extraction.

What is the construction of the Soxhlet extractor?

The construction of the soxhlet extractor is shown in the figure.1. cooling water inlet, cooling water outlet, heat source and thimble. placed, is in thimble chamber of the Soxhlet apparatus. Extraction heating sou rce like heating m antle. The hea ting temperatur e i s built on the solvent employed to extraction.