# How do you prove a Dedekind cut?

Table of Contents

## How do you prove a Dedekind cut?

The Sign: A Dedekind cut (A, B) is called positive if 0 ∈ A and nega- tive if 0 ∈ B. If (A, B) is neither positive nor negative, then (A, B) is the cut representing 0. If (A, B) is positive, then −(A, B) is negative. Likewise, if (A, B) is negative, then −(A, B) is positive.

### Why are Dedekind cuts important?

The important purpose of the Dedekind cut is to work with number sets that are not complete. The cut itself can represent a number not in the original collection of numbers (most often rational numbers).

**What is cut in real analysis?**

The term “cut” is meant to illustrate that the precise point of the cut cannot be uniquely identified — it disappears. Formally, a Dedekind cut is a set with the following properties: It is not trivial, i.e. it is not the empty set ∅, and it is not all of Q.

**What is a cut in math?**

Comments. More generally we may define a cut in any totally ordered set X to be a partition of X into two non-empty sets A and B whose union is X, such that aeither A has a maximal element or B has a minimal element.

## How do you pronounce dedekind?

Ju·li·us Wil·helm Rich·ard [jool-yuhs -wil-helm -rich-erd; German yoo-lee-oos -vil-helm -rikh-ahrt], /ˈdʒul yəs ˈwɪl hɛlm ˈrɪtʃ ərd; German ˈyu liˌʊs ˈvɪl hɛlm ˈrɪx ɑrt/, 1831–1916, German mathematician.

### What is an ordered field in math?

In mathematics, an ordered field is a field together with a total ordering of its elements that is compatible with the field operations. The basic example of an ordered field is the field of real numbers, and every Dedekind-complete ordered field is isomorphic to the reals.

**What are hyperreal numbers used for?**

The idea of the hyperreal system is to extend the real numbers R to form a system *R that includes infinitesimal and infinite numbers, but without changing any of the elementary axioms of algebra. Any statement of the form “for any number x…” that is true for the reals is also true for the hyperreals.

**What is Archimedean property of real numbers?**

Definition An ordered field F has the Archimedean Property if, given any positive x and y in F there is an integer n > 0 so that nx > y. Theorem The set of real numbers (an ordered field with the Least Upper Bound property) has the Archimedean Property.

## What is the difference between field and ordered field?

In mathematics, an ordered field is a field together with a total ordering of its elements that is compatible with the field operations. The basic example of an ordered field is the field of real numbers, and every Dedekind-complete ordered field is isomorphic to the reals. Finite fields cannot be ordered.

### What is the meaning of hyperreal?

/ (ˌhaɪpəˈrɪəl) / adjective. involving or characterized by particularly realistic graphic representation. distorting or exaggerating reality.

**What is the Dedekind cut?**

The Dedekind Cut is mathematical construction created by Richard Dedekind to provide a definition for the real numbers. The Dedekind Cut itself is defined in terms of the rational numbers. A Dedekind cut α is defined as the subset of the rational integers Q (ratios of integers) which is less than α.

**Is every real number a Dedekind cut of rationals?**

Similarly, every cut of reals is identical to the cut produced by a specific real number (which can be identified as the smallest element of the B set). In other words, the number line where every real number is defined as a Dedekind cut of rationals is a complete continuum without any further gaps.

The cut itself can represent a number not in the original collection of numbers (most often rational numbers ). The cut can represent a number b, even though the numbers contained in the two sets A and B do not actually include the number b that their cut represents.

## Which set of cuts has the least upper bound?

Moreover, the set of Dedekind cuts has the least-upper-bound property, i.e., every nonempty subset of it that has any upper bound has a least upper bound.